Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world. If you take out the map and see the Northern Africa on it then you could see that most of it is just Sahara Desert. From the Atlantic to the Mediterranean, and from the east to the Red Sea most of Africa’s northern area is covered with Sahara Desert. Some people called Sahara Desert just Sahara because Sahara is an Arabic word which itself means Desert. There were many interesting facts about Sahara and some of which you many know but I bet most of them which I am going to write will be very new to you, like do you know that Sahara Desert swings between sand and greenery in a fixed cycle? Time comes when it changes form barren sand to patch of full greenery Shocked? Now let’s see 15 of these types of interesting face which will below your mind.
1. Most of the people thinks that Sahara is the world’s largest desert and you probably thinks the same but the Sahara it is the biggest hot desert in the world, it ranks in third place if we talk about the area. It comes after the Antarctica and Arctic deserts. The Antarctica and Arctic deserts are cold deserts but has larger than the Sahara.
2. In every 41000 years Sahara Desert switch from Desert to Grassland. Next time when Sahara switch to Greenland is 18000 C.E which is 16000 years from now.
3. According to the Scientists of University of Maryland. Sahara is Expanding and it is expanded about 10 percent since 1920.
4. People also thought that Sahara Desert mostly consist of Sand but it is also not true. It has a plain rocky ground which local call Hamada. Ergs which is land covered by sand is very small part of Sahara Desert. You could find Sand dunes in very specific areas like near morocco or in Western Sahara.
5. Emi Koussi (a volcanic mountain in Tibesti run with the tallness of 11,204 feet or 3,415 meters) is the most elevated top in the Sahara Desert. It is located in Northern Chad.
6. In the northern and Southern desert, you could find certain amounts of grasslands but the central part of Sahara is extremely dry. In the central of Sahara, the life is very limited mostly you could find animals like beetles, spiders, lizards and Golden Jackals. Sometimes this area experiences no rainfall for years.
7. North Sahara has mild climate because the Mediterranean Sea borders north side of Sahara.
8. The major cities in Sahara Desert are Nouakchott, Merzouga (small town in Morocco). Tamanrasset, Ghardaia, El Oued, Ghat etc.
9. If we talk about the weather then it is mostly dry and hot. In the the hottest months temperatures can go past 122°F (50°C), with the peak temperature ever recorded at 136°F (58°C) in Aziziyah, Libya.
10. If we talk about Libya then it is thesunniest and arid part of the whole of the Sahara Desert because of the descending tropospheric air. Rainfall is also very low in this area compared to the other areas of the desert.
11. Daylight term is high in the Sahara. Most pieces of the desert experience about 3,700 hours of daylight. If we convert it to yearly then it makes upto 84% of time. Some parts of the eastern and central desert have 4100+ hours of daylight which makes it more than 92% yearly time.
12. Constant Daylight and arid environment, very low precipitation makes this desert the hottest place of this world.
13. The normal range of Sahara Desert temperature is nearly 25-30 degree Celsius. Average high is more than 45 degree Celsius which can stick around for months.
14. The temperature on the rocky ground and Sand are even higher. The average temperature of the sand is 85 degree Celsius and ground temperature is about 77 degree Celsius in summers.
15. Temperature of the places covered with mountains have less temperature then the other parts of the Sahara. The highest was recorded in the last century in the parts of Algerian Desert which is 48 degree Celcius.
16. At night temperature usually goes down about 25-30 degree Celsius. During winters the temperature of Sahara can go down below 0 degree Celsius.
17. Northern and southern Parts of Sahara Desert receive between 200 to 250 millimeters of rainfall because of low-pressure systems near the Mediterranean Sea.
18. The central and eastern parts do not gets affected by these low pressure systems and can recive less than 1 millimeter of rainfall a year.
19. Do you know that there was a snow fall in the Sahara? I know you would be shocked to hear this but in 1979 and in December 2016 the snowfall hit the sahara in the area of Ain Sefra town.
20. There are eight eco regions in the Sahara Desert named Atlantic Coastal Desert, North Saharan Steppe and Woodlands, Sahara Desert Eco region (The extremely dry central part falls under this zone), South Saharan Steppe and Woodlands, West Saharan Montane Xeric Woodlands, Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat Montane Xeric Woodlands, Saharan Halophytics and Tanezrouft which touches the boader to Algeria and Mali.
21. There are a sum of 2800 vascular plant species found in Sahara. One-fourth of them are endemic (found in a specific spot and no place else). Almost 50% of them are found in the Arabian Desert too. 500 types of plants are found in the central Saharan area. These plants incorporate palms, succulents, spiked bushes, etc.
22. Kiffians lived there from 10,000 to 8,000 years back (during Neolithic Subpluvial). Nearly 8,000 years back, Sahara turned out to be totally dry. This cleared out the Kiffians. Their remaining parts have been found in Gobero in Niger (in the year 2000), which is biggest grave in the desert.
23. From 3,400 BCE Sahara progressed toward becoming as dry as we probably knew it today. This happened in light of the fact that Earth’s circle moved. Because of this in most parts of the desert especially in central desert the human life is very rare pretty much close to none. We see life only around some oasis.
24. Phoenicians lived there from almost 1000 to 900 B.C. They had association of kingdoms across Sahara to Egypt. They are ancestors of the people who speak the Berber language.
25. At around 500 BCE, Greeks traders began exchanging along the desert’s eastern coast. Numerous urban human advancements like Garamantes ascended around a similar time and that too at the very heart of Sahara.
26. There is plethora of languages spoken in Sahara but the most widely spoken one is Arabic.
27. The most common animals in Sahara are Goats and Camels. People use them for travelling and transportation.
28. The tallest Sand dune in Sahara was found near morocco and it is about 600 feet tall.
29. The people who live in Sahara are called Nomads. They usually do not stay at one place and change their positions regularly due to hot weather.
30. The most interesting fact of Sahara is its composition. Only 30% of it is covered by Sand while other 70% is rock hard ground.
You should visit Sahara Desert once in your life but you can explore most of it in Morocco. Morocco is Famous for Sahara Desert. Each year thousands of people visit Morocco to enjoy the Desert Tour. Marrakech desert tours 3 days is the most famous one in Morocco where you can book the 3 dedicated days to explore Sahara Desert.